Crash Diets with Bariatric Surgery—Having the ideal body is a dream for everyone, especially women. Various diets are taken to achieve this goal. Diets that are popular on social media such as Tiktok, Youtube, Instagram and other media appear and become content that always attracts people’s attention. Some types of diets that are quite popular are the mayo diet, high protein diet, low carbohydrate diet to extreme diets that many supermodels and some Korean artists have done, which can cause harmful side effects to the body.
One type of diet that is considered extreme and only recommended by doctors for people with certain medical conditions is bariatric surgery. The term ‘bariatric surgery’ is probably still unknown to the general public. The method is also still rarely used in Indonesia. However, some well-known artists such as Melly Goeslaw and Jennifer Dunn have used this method to reduce their body mass. So, is bariatric surgery safe?
Bariatric surgery is an operation performed on severely obese patients to help them lose weight. This surgery is performed by modifying the stomach and intestines in patients with obesity and related conditions. According to the National Health Service of the United Kingdom website, there are several conditions for someone to get this weight loss surgery, including:
- The body mass index (BMI) must be in 35-40 or more and other obesity-related conditions that may improve if the person loses weight.
- The patient has tried all other weight loss methods, but none of them are effective in losing weight.
- Patients must agree to long-term follow-up after surgery. This may include lifestyle changes and regular check-ups.
Types of Bariatric Surgery
According to the American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery website, there are 5 types of bariatric surgery. The five procedures include:
- Sleeve Gastrectomy
Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy, often referred to as “sleeve” surgery, is a procedure in which about 80% of the stomach is cut out. The end result is a stomach that is the size of a banana and shaped like a banana.
- Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass (RYGB)
This procedure is often called “gastric bypass” and is the most common and effective surgery to treat obesity. The procedure involves dividing part of the stomach into a small, egg-sized pouch-like section and a larger part of the stomach that is bypassed and no longer stores or digests food. The small intestine is then connected to the pouch-sized stomach to allow food to pass through. The segment of the small intestine that empties the bypassed stomach or larger stomach is connected to the small intestine about 3-4 feet downstream, resulting in an intestinal junction that resembles a Y-shape.
- Adjustable Gastric Band (AGB)
In this procedure, a silicone device is placed at the top of the stomach to restrict the amount of food that can enter. This procedure has little effect on obese patients and has been used infrequently over the past decade.
- Biliopancreatic Diversion with Duodenal Switch (BPD/DS)
In this procedure, the stomach is made into a tube-like shape, similar to sleeve gastrectomy, and then, like gastric bypass, more of the small intestine is not used.
- Single Anastomosis Duodeno-Ileal Bypass with Sleeve Gastrectomy (SADI-S)
This is the latest procedure offered by the American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery, which is similar to BPD-DS but simpler and involves only one surgical bowel connection.
All of the procedures described should only be advised and performed by a qualified medical professional and in patients with severe obesity and other obesity-related conditions. It is certainly not recommended for people who are not obese but want to lose weight quickly. On the other hand, extreme diets, such as eating less than 1000 calories a day or eating only fruit, are also not recommended by nutritionists. They may have a quick effect, but can be harmful to the body in the long run. Eating a balanced diet and getting enough exercise and rest can not only help you lose weight, but also improve your health. PRS.